Touch Kailash
Touch Kailash Travels and Tours
Call Support
+977 1 4700357, 4700249 +977 9851092632, 9802092632 (24 Hours)

General Information

The Tibetan Plateau, which lies in the rain shadows of the Himalayas, is aptly renowned as the “Roof of the World.” Located at the southwest frontier of China with a vase land of more than 1.2 million square kilometers, the Tibet autonomous region lies at an elevation of an average of 4,500 meters from the sea level. Due to the harsh and rugged terrain and a relatively hard way of life, the Autonomous Region of Tibet has the lowest population density among the Chinese provinces. The ethnic Tibetan comprises of 92.8% of the total population and the majority of the 2.91 million ethnic Tibetan follow Buddhism. The other religions practiced in Tibet are Bon, ethnic Tibetan or animalism and Islam among others.

The beautiful and rugged landscape, the lush green valleys, the glimpse of the civilization that dates back to antiquity, the still preserved unique culture, tradition, and religion of the people, the ancient trade routes and above all the hospitability of the simple Tibetan people make Tibet one of the most marvelous, and memorable travel destination in the world today. Though Tibet was closed to the world from 1950 after the invasion of China, tourists have been allowed back in since the 1980’s and today boasts as one of the hottest travel destinations.

Tibet Autonomous Region has the lowest population density among any of the Chinese province level admin to regions mostly due to its difficult, harsh and rugged terrain. The ethnic Tibetan compromises 92.8% i.e. 2.91 million among them majority are Buddhist. Other religion practice in Tibet are Bon, Ethnic Tibetan, Muslim community.

Talking about the tourism in Tibet. It started in 1980’s. So, from this period onward tourist were allowed/permitted to visit Tibet. Till now guest are heartily welcomed to Tibet and Tibetan has served tourist as God.


Fact about Tibet

Administration type: Autonomous region of China

Traditional Capital of Tibet and biggest city : Lhasa

Latitude: 27 degree 18 minute to 36 degree 29 minute North

Longitude: 78 degree 55 minute to 99 degree 07 minute

Area: 4,71,700 square miles (12,21,600 square kilometer)

Highest Point: 8013m, Mt. Shisapangma (8,850m, Mt. Everest, Tibet shares the border with Nepal.)

Population: approximately 29,47,692 (2011)

Currency: Yuan (CNY)

Language: Tibetan and Chinese. English (very little)

Ruler: From 1912 to 1950 Tibet was ruled by Dalai Lama who fled to India in 1959 after the Chinese occupation. Now, Chairman of the government of Tibet Autonomous Region of China is Padma Choling.

Exchange rate: American Dollar ( US $) 1 =Yuan (CNY) 6.5 (at current rate)

Tibet is a plateau, Tibet boarders Nepal, Sikkim, India, Burma and Bhutan. Tibet is one of the most marvelous travel destinations in the world. Tibet lies at an elevation of 4000mt. in an average from the sea level. Tibet is located at the southwest frontier of China with a vase land of more than 1.2 million square Kilometers. The beautiful and natural landscape of desert, glorious history and culture, unique folk custom is the main sources of Tourist attraction in Tibet. Tibet is hottest world level tourist as destination. Tibet is divided into two parts:

1. The Lake Region

2. The River Region

1. The Lake Region

Lying in the arid and windswept desert the Lake Region of Tibet extends from the Pangong Tso Lake in Ladakh, India to Lake Mansarowar, Lake Rakshastal and Lake Yamdrok in Tibet. The arid climate and high elevation sustained only nomadic culture and you can still see that old culture preserved to this day. The crystal clear glacial lakes in the region has sustained human civilizations in the region for thousands of years and are still considered a holy place among the many religions of the region.

2. The River Region

The upper courses of Brahmaputra and its major tributaries, the Nyang River, the Yangtse, the Salween, and the Mekong River commonly known as the Yellow River in China, creates the fertile mountain valleys of the River Region. Originating from the glacial lakes of the Lake Region, the rivers create the lush green fertile valleys that are the only cultivable land and a sharp contrast to the rugged and harsh landscape. The ancient city of Lhasa, Gyantse, and Shigatse were first established in these fertile river valleys which are devoid of permafrost and well irrigated and richly cultivated. The fast mountain river rapids cut the deepest and probably the longest canyon in the world, the Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon.